Below given two pieces suggest that evidence based studies and synthesis studies have been accepted to be valid, stand alone or as a component of a study research for quite some time now. You should be careful with this approach, of course — claiming you've proved something when this transparently isn't the case isn't going to bring your readers onside — but if your argumentation is already strong, rhetorical techniques like this can help underline the structural coherence of your work. It's important to remember that the dissertation's value to other scholars won't just be its findings or conclusions, and that your research's emerging importance to the field will be measured by the number of scholars who engage with it, not those who agree with it. The below example and the sample paper should help provide you with some commonly used conventional ways of writing out this information. For example, You may write about those studies that disagree with your hypothesis, and then discuss those that agree with it.
Twelve dry pieces of both brands of paper towel were taken out, weighed using a measuring scale, and their weight was recorded. Other Sections of Your Literature Review Once you've decided on the organizational method for your literature review, the sections you need to include in the paper should be easy to figure out because they arise from your organizational strategy. Analysis and interpretation -- discussing the findings and conclusions of pertinent literature. They are two different things but they go together well and the one fits nicely into the other. The first task of your paper is therefore to get the reader interested in what you have to say! Read them to get a sense of the types of themes you might want to look for in your own research or to identify ways to organize your final review. For instance, you might explain that your review includes only peer-reviewed articles and journals.
A crucial but often neglected component of this persuasive function is the role of rhetoric in persuading your audience of the merits of your work. A well-written literature review should provide a critical appraisal of previous studies related to the current research area rather than a simple summary of prior works. Such a list of sources is useful in and of itself, especially if it is accompanied by an explanation about the selection and use of the sources. In particular, it's vitally important that your dissertation methodology shows an appreciation of the historical and cultural contexts of the theoretical frameworks you use, especially where there's fundamental disagreement between theorists. As a researcher you must refer to the research work done before in that particular domain and based on that you must justify why there is more research needed.
A literature review is not a qualitative research method. You should consider other ways, such as. In general, a literature review is necessary to identify a research gap. University of Washington; Denscombe, Martyn. For example , I did two Major Research Projects which were sponsored by the University Grants commission, New Delhi, India. Literature search -- finding materials relevant to the subject being explored.
Therefore, qualitative research requires a more detailed description of the methods used. The bibliography or reference section of sources you've already read are also excellent entry points into your own research. Most of these studies included both males and females e. I totally disagree with above responses. Leading Innovation and Change Final Reflective: Literature Review Leadership, Hindrances and Practices for Innovation and Change Jimmy January 2009 Contents 1. While conducting a review of the literature, maximize the time you devote to writing this part of your paper by thinking broadly about what you should be looking for and evaluating.
This approach is focused on explanation. Your literature review and methodology will therefore develop in tandem with each other. Everything that follows in your discussion will stem from the analysis of your results, so make sure the reader knows that the analysis is accurate. Since that time, they developed into a manufacturer of synthetic fibers. Take solace that even the best scientists can fall into the trap of using poor evidence. Without that you do not know what you are looking for in your interviews or how to interpret what you find.
It serves as an argument for research study to problem to be properly analyzed. Remember that a scholar might use any single part of your methodology as a departure point for their own work; they might follow your experiment design but choose a different model for analysing the results, or vice versa! The first task of the researcher is to summarize the researches done in the field of study. Is there reason to believe it can be generalised to other contexts, or is it highly specific to the particular location or cultural context in which you conducted your research? Such materials cannot just be readily available, meaning I have to collect hence I will regard literature review as one of the data collection tool. You're underselling your research if you suggest its only value lies in its conclusions, when the approach it takes to your data or source material in arriving at those conclusions is potentially of equal if not greater value. New York: Oxford University Press, 2010. After the data was collected how was it analyzed? Otherwise, this is usually perceived as being a little lazy, and it is better to organize the review around ideas and individual points.
Be Selective Select only the most important points in each source to highlight in the review. For example, a review of Victorian Age Physics may certainly present in a chronological order. The ability to synthesise what you've learned from scholars in your discipline, and to shape that into a methodology that you can use to shed light on your research question, is, therefore, key to a successful undergraduate dissertation. Note: There are many ways to integrate the previous literature into your explanation of the purpose of the present research. The discussion also includes a thorough review of the literature about methods other scholars have used to study the topic.
Strategic Factors In addition to concerns raised in the interviews, the literature provided additional insight into strategic concerns. Your professor will probably not expect you to read everything that's available about the topic, but you'll make your job easier if you first limit scope of the research problem. Procedure Tell what participants were told about the study, how they run e. Systematic Approaches to a Successful Literature Review. The Literature Review: A Step-by-Step Guide for Students. You should recap the key questions you want to answer when introducing your methodology, but this doesn't have to be a word-for-word restatement; you might want to reword the problem in a way that bridges your and methodology. Recapitulate important features of a research study, but then synthesize it by rephrasing the study's significance and relating it to your own work.
Research methodology and design clarifies a plan of collecting data either qualitative or quantitative. This kind of commentary allows you to control the agenda for discussion of your work, and to head off potential objections to your arguments and methods at the pass. At the same time Gobboa, Megaa and Pipeb 2002 identified that there are other factors that affect the levels of suggestibility with regard to memory recall. I agree with Mr Adom's response that you may consider some documents, manual, notes etc. This review of the professional literature relevant to your research question will help to contextualize, or frame, your research. Development of the Literature Review Four Stages 1.