An introductory phrase which is usually one or more prepositional phrases briefly introduces the sentence and provides context but is not part of the sentence's subject or predicate. On Thursday, June 23, 2004, at 3:15 p. Use Commas With Caution As you can see, there are many reasons for using commas, and we haven't listed them all. Rule: The following examples apply when using dates: The meeting is scheduled for June 30. In the examples above, a strong and healthy man makes sense, but an expensive and summer resort does not. These are some of the many questions a lot of us have when dealing with times and dates and grammar rules.
Example His knowledge of Portuguese is limited to obrigado thank you and adeus goodbye. For the second: five after midnight, five after twelve midnight, five minutes after midnight, 12:05 am, etc. Two exceptions are writing years and house numbers. If you want a comma after Thursday it would be better to have another after 2004: On Thursday, 23 June 2004, at 3:15pm, Mike Lollis resigned. I just wanted to point out something in this post that is incorrect.
It is not like stopping altogether has something to do with going on, but taking a breath well you are always taking a breath and why emphasize one breath rather than another breath. If the parts of the date are connected by a , no comma is needed. I leave out all the periods. Her flight leaves at 5:00 a. Simply read your sentence without the parenthetical content. Proper use of commas often confuses people. Example: Today is Wednesday, May 11, 2011.
The comma prevents a misreading. Is it one course covering both microeconomics and macroeconomics, or is it two separate courses? We do not know which boy is meant without further description; therefore, no commas are used. Rule: Do not use a comma before a coordinating conjunction if the sentence contains only one independent clause. Article Summary To use commas correctly, use them to separate clauses that are not crucial to the meaning of the sentence. Also after initials, as in Alfred D.
Use a comma after an introductory phrase more than 3 words. Can you get here by 12:00 midnight? Use a comma after introductory words. In fact, precise rules govern when to use this punctuation mark. Setting off nonrestrictive or nonessential information After lists, the most important function of the comma is to set off nonrestrictive or nonessential information. Sentences with non-coordinate adjectives, however, don't require a comma. Many inexperienced writers run two independent clauses together by using a comma instead of a period. The rules in this post apply to writing formal prose.
Careful writers and readers understand that the first sentence means I have more than one brother. Simple sentences A simple sentence contains only one independent clause and no dependent clauses. This article has over 3,843,928 views, and 100% of readers who voted found it helpful. Examples Mary Smith, a staff writer at the Times, recently wrote a book on that subject. While commas are good, all-purpose separators, they should be used properly for an accurate and professional piece of writing, or envelope.
If so, proper punctuation is a must. Simpson is a writer from Memphis, Tennessee. The date-month-year format also takes a different approach to commas. Using a comma between all the items in a series, including the last two, avoids this problem. In every contraction, the apostrophe replaces the letters that are omitted from one or both words.
Additionally, a comma is usually not necessary if you are not quoting an entire statement, but only a few words from it. Does that mean the comma is correct for you but not for me? Otherwise, a hyphen should occur only if a number lower than 100 is embedded within a larger number, e. His brother Michael just built a house in Zilda, Wisconsin. Leave a Comment or Question: Please ensure that your question or comment relates to the topic of the blog post. The packaging advertised one thousand two hundred twenty-four firecrackers, but it contained only one thousand. Also note that replacing the parentheses with a comma may not be entirely suitable here, while a period or a semicolon may work: You will need a flashlight for the camping trip don't forget the batteries! If the sentence continues, you must separate the last item in the address from the rest of the sentence with another comma: Belle Planet lives at 223 Center Street, Venus, New York 10001, but she is thinking of moving to Mars in order to be closer to her friend Jill. When followed, they lay the groundwork for clear written communication.
Commas are not necessary with these. Acronyms are frequently used to shorten long proper nouns that would be awkward to reprint in their entirety every time they are mentioned. Although you will often see a comma between a name and suffix Bob Downey, Jr. Unrelated comments may be deleted. So that is the way I felt about punctuation in prose, in poetry it is a little different but more so Gertrude Stein from Lectures in America Use a comma to set off quoted elements. This simple dot is used to mark the end of a sentence that is declarative. A common use of commas is to separate items that are being listed in a sequence.
If you've ever written about anything that's gold-plated, radar-equipped, or one-size-fits-all, you've used a hyphen in this way. The use or omission of the comma is well established, and writers need only to apply the rules. If you removed a non-restrictive modifier from the sentence, it would still make sense and the main subject of the sentence would still be in place. But always add a comma if it would avoid confusion. When speaking, we do sometimes pause after the little conjunction, but there is seldom a good reason to put a comma there. Understanding the rules of how to separate dates in technological writing with a comma or semicolon can keep you from making a faux pas, catch mistakes as they occur and overall streamline your writing. Examples exact beginning and end dates not important : The Straus family lived in the neighborhood from 1949 to 2012.